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Ruling on setting up cooperative fund (Jam'iyyah)


Assalaamu alaykum. Suppose that 10 persons make a fund and each one saves 100$ per month. Every month, there is a draw and the winner takes the whole money and can use it in his personal cause. The winner of this month cannot be the winner again until all others win the draw, one by one, and it thus continues. Every person has to continue to save in the fund until all 10 persons win the draw. That means that everybody gets his money back. However, some get the benefit of using the money earlier and others get it later. Is this allowed in the Sharia?


All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.

This fund is permissible and there is no harm in it, Allaah willing. Shaykh Ibn Baaz  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him was asked about a group of teachers who, at the end of each month, collect an amount of money from their salaries and it is given to one of them. At the end of the second month, it is given to another, and so on, until all of them take their share. Some people call this Jam'iyyah. What is the religious ruling on such financial cooperatives?"

He  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him answered, "There is no harm in that. It is considered a loan with no extra interests for any of the participants. The Council of Senior Scholars studied the matter and decided by a majority that such financial cooperatives are allowable given the benefits that they yield for all the participants with no harm incurred on any of them..." [Fataawa Islaamiyyah 2/413]

That the participant who collects the fund each month is chosen by draw is permissible, and there is no harm in that. Drawing lots is a lawful means in such matters.

Allaah knows best.

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