Assalaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu. Specifically regarding the Iqaamah (second, small call to the prayer), not the azan. Regarding the muezzin when he recites the Iqaamah: specifically when the muezzin says the last sentence 'Laa ilaha illAllaah'. I know that the scholarly consensus is that it is recommended to repeat what the muezzin says (the Iqaamah). However, is it permissible to repeat only the last sentence after the muezzin and then say Muhammadar-Rasulullah, followed by sending prayers and blessings upon the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam? This is something that I have noticed brothers doing (including myself) in the two mosques that I have been to. What is the ruling on this? And can you provide proof/evidence from authentic sources? May Allaah reward you.
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.
It is recommended (Mustahab) for the one who hears the Iqaamah to repeat it except for the sentence ‘Qad Qaamat As-Salah’ (Prayer has started). However, the scholars are not in consensus about this recommendation. Some Hanafi scholars held that it is not recommended for the one who hears the Iqaamah to repeat it. The following lines shall cite part of the statements of scholars in this regard:
Ibn Qudaamah wrote:
“It is recommended for the one who hears the Iqaamah to repeat it, and when the mua'ththin says, ‘Qad Qaamat As-Salah,’ then he should say, ‘Aqaamaha-Allaahu wa adaamaha’ (May Allaah establish it and make it permanent). It has been narrated on the authority of one of the Companions that Bilaal recited the Iqaamah, and when he said, ‘Qad Qaamat As-Salah,’ the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, ‘Aqaamaha-Allaahu wa adaamaha.’ [Abu Daawood] He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, used to repeat the rest of the Iqaamah as reported in the hadeeth narrated on the authority of ‘Umar about the Athaan.” [Al-Mughni]
The Shaafi‘i scholar Ash-Sheeraazi wrote:
“It is recommended for the one who hears the Iqaamah to repeat it, except for when the mua'ththin says, ‘Hayy ‘ala As-Salah’ and ‘Hayy ‘ala Al-Falaah (Come to the prayer, Come to success), for then he should say, ‘La Hawla wala Quwwata illa Billaah (There is no might nor power save with Allaah).’ When the mua'ththin says, ‘Qad Qaamat As-Salah,’ he should say, ‘Aqaamaha Allaah wa Adaamaha,’ as Abu Umaamah narrated that Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, did so.” [Al-Muhaththab]
The Hanafi scholar Ibn Nujaym said in Al-Bahr Ar-Raa'iq, “It has been underlined in Sharh An-Nuqaayah that when one hears the Iqaamah, he does not repeat it, and there is no harm in reciting supplications according to them (leading Hanafi scholars). In Fat-h Al-Qadeer, it was recommended to repeat the Iqaamah.”
The Iqaamah is like the Athaan, so one should say after it what is said after the Athaan, i.e. sending prayers and blessings upon the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and asking Allaah to grant him Al-Waseelah. Al-Albaani wrote:
"Whoever hears the Iqaamah should repeat it, like the one who hears the Athaan, and send prayer upon the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and ask Allaah to bless him with Al-Waseelah, as we have previously underlined when discussing the Athaan. This is because of the general indication of the hadeeth that reads, 'When you hear the mua'ththin, then say like what he says.' The Iqaamah is considered an Athaan in linguistic and Sharee'ah terms; the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said, ‘There is a prayer between the two Athaans (i.e. the Athaan and the Iqaamah).’” [Ath-Thamar Al-Mustataab]
However, if a person settled for repeating the last sentence, ‘La ilaaha illa Allaah’, and sending prayer and blessings upon the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, then this is permissible, although it is not the better option, according to the view of most of those who held that it is recommended to repeat the whole Iqaamah.
As for saying ‘Muhammadun Rasoolullaah,’ after repeating the Iqaamah, we could not find any evidence in this regard. Accordingly, one should not say it regularly for fear of committing a religious innovation.
Allaah knows best.
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