Making up Missed Fasts Consecutively
Fatwa No: 376345

Question

If I made one intention that I will make up all of my missed fasts starting on this day and so on without renewing my intention per day is my fast valid among a few scholars, instead of the majority?Is my fast also valid among a few scholars, instead of the majority if I made the intention of fasting this day when adhaan was called for Fajr? I originally wanted to fast on this day to begin, but I changed my mind, kept thinking whether I should fast, then I decided to fast when the adhaan for Fajr began. I began to say that I'm fasting when the Imam said "Allaah."

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Our answer to your question will be summarized as follows:

Firstly, if you want to make up missed fasts days by fasting consecutively, then one intention is sufficient on the first day according to the view of some scholars. Therefore, your fast is correct. However, to be on the safe side, it is bed act according to the opinion of the majority of the scholars who stated that it is a condition for the validity of fasting for one to renew the intention every day because it is not an obligation to fast make-up days consecutively.

Secondly, the predominant opinion regarding the correct time of making the intention to fast according to the majority of the scholars, is that one must make the intention the night before (i.e., before Fajr); it is a condition for the validity of the fast. This is the case whether one is fasting a due obligatory fasting or making up for a missed obligatory fast. This because the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Whoever does not make his intention to fast before Fajr, his fasting will not be accepted.” [Ahmad, Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithi, An-Nasaa’i, and Ibn Maajah] [Al-Albaani classified it as authentic]

Thirdly, we draw your attention to the fact that the intention is in the heart and it is not uttered by the tongue. So, it is not a condition for you to say “I will fast” or “I intend to fast”. As a matter of fact, it is not permissible to utter the intention.

Allah knows best.

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