Unable to Correctly Recite The Quran
Fatwa No: 380757

Question

Assalamualaikum i am from india and dont know peoper tajweed ...i didnt take tajweed classes,didnt search for a tajweed teacher ,i stay in hostel and its difficult to get a tajweed teacher i am planning to learn it after 6 months as my studies will be over in shaa Allah but my question is are my prayers valid till then ? As i may make mistakes in surah fatihah changing their meaning although i learned articulation points through youtube their application is difficult for me...i searched for online courses and most of them are really expensive,free courses are there but timings are not able to adjust

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Tajweed (set of rules governing the way in which the words of the Quran should be pronounced) is of two types: one is desirable to learn, which is the one related to articulating the Madd (extended vowels), Ghunnah (a sound that comes out from the nasopharynx), and other matters that do not affect the correct recitation. The second is a Waajib (obligatory), which is the one related to pronouncing the letters from the correct spot of articulation.

Therefore, you must look for a trustworthy Shaykh who masters the science of Tajweed in your town or elsewhere, so that you will correct your recitation, particularly Al-Faatihah, because one's prayer is not valid without this (proper pronunciation of Al-Faatihah).

We do not think that this is impossible; if you recite Al-Faatihah (in particular) with the correct recitation, then your prayer will be valid, and you will not be sinful for delaying the learning of the recommended Tajweed until you are able to do so, but it is better to hasten and learn.

Thereafter, if you still fail to utter some letters properly because the language is foreign to you despite you exerting all efforts, then you are excused and your prayer in this situation is ruled to be valid.

Some scholars are lenient about the pronunciation of some letters that have converging articulation spots, and which are difficult for the common Muslims to distinguish between them, such as ض and ظ , and some scholars considered ط and ت to be the same case, as well as س and ص; so they do not consider the prayer of one who fails to pronounce them properly to be invalid.

To sum up, it is not difficult for you to look for a Shaykh who masters the proper pronunciation of the Quran to teach you how to correctly pronounce Al-Faatihah. Therefore, you should hasten in finding one to make sure your prayer is valid.

Allah knows best.

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