Before Migration, Muslims Were Very Few In Makkah
Fatwa No: 385621

Question

How many people converted to Islam while Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) was preaching in Mecca before he emigrated to Yathrib?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

We have not come across the exact number of the Muslims before the migration, but their number was little compared to their number after migration when Islam became stronger and the Muslims were enabled to call to Allah.

The reason why their number in Makkah was little compared to their number after the migration in Madeenah is that the disbelievers of Quraysh were harassing the Muslims and obstruct them from their religion and preventing them from inviting people to Allah. They were fighting against the Da’wah with all their strength, to the extent that some Muslims were forced to migrate to Al-Habashah (Abyssinia) twice. The first time, twelve men and four women migrated. The second time, there were eighty-three men, and eighteen or nineteen women who migrated.

The Muslims were persecuted in Makkah before migration, unlike in Madeenah after the Ansaar embraced Islam, and after the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) migrated to it. After this, Madeenah became the land of Islam and the Muslims became safe and honored.

Thereupon, the people came in groups to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) in order to embrace the religion of Allah.

Mukhtasar As-Seerah authored by Shaykh Mohammed ibn Abd Al-Wahhaab reads:

“When the Ansaar embraced Islam, the Messenger of Allah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, ordered the Muslims who were in Makkah to migrate to Madeenah. They indeed migrated and Allah Almighty gave them honor after they were humiliated. Allah says (what means): {And remember when you were few and oppressed in the land, fearing that people might abduct you, but He sheltered you, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good things – that you might be grateful.} [Quran 8: 26]

For more benefit, please refer to Fataawa 177603 and 86409.

Allah knows best.

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