Essence of magic
Fatwa No: 82269

  • Fatwa Date:30-8-2000 - Jumaadaa Al-Oula 30, 1421
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I just want to know if "Sihr "exists scientifically and what Islam says about it? thank you.


Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
Sihr (magic) is anything that happens and whose causes are unknown. Sihr in Sharia is of two kinds:
In the first type, the magician uses knots and incantations reading unclear and ambiguous messages, which enable him to use the devils in order to harm the bewitched. But Allah Says (interpretation of meaning): {But they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's Leave} [2: 102].
In the second type, the magician uses some chemical products, drugs and medication that have some effect on the bewitched person's mind, will and leaving him unable to make an independent decision. You notice that this person turns away from what was important for him/her and inclining to something less important or even bad for him/her. The magicians call this "the turning away and inclination". They cause some men to become like a domestic animal ready to be led by his wife or another woman. This is inclination. As for "the turning away" they sometimes cause the opposite effect making the man turn away from his wife. These products affect the body of the bewitched, weakening him step by step till he dies. He might be disillusioned imagining things in a state different from their state. He might also go mad. (May Allah protect us.) The Sharia gives two different rules concerning the Sihr.
The first type of Sihr in which the devils are used is pure polytheism and whoever practices it is considered polytheist because he tries to get closer to devils and to use them for his bad aims. The second type where the magician uses medication and chemical products is an aggression and a great dissipation.
To conclude, we say that Sihr is either pure disbelief or a great and major sin, which can lead to the Anger of Allah The Almighty. Actually Sihr does not change the reality of things but it rather affects the perceptive ability of the bewitched making him/her believe in seeing or perceiving something which is different from the reality. But these are only appearances. So, the trees do not actually change into stones but appear to the bewitched as such. But it does actually cause much harm to the bewitched leading sometimes to his death.
Allah knows best.

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