Questions about the authenticity of some Ahadith
Fatwa No: 82548

Question

1-Asalaam alaikomI am looking for the source of 3 ahadith and are they authentic or not. I would appreciate your assistance. The ahadith are:1. The hadith that says that if a man has a wife who doesn't control her tongue and he DOES NOT divorce her, then his Du'a is not answered.2. The hadith that says that if a woman prays her 5 prayers, guards her private parts and obeys her husband, she can enter Jannah by any gate she chooses3. That if it is raining your Du'a is answered. (This was used in a lecture by Sheikh Dawud Adib, but I can't find any evidence to back it up)

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
It is proved through Qur'an, Hadith and agreed upon by the Muslim scholars that it is likable for a husband to tolerate his wife's mistakes. If the husband notices some unattractiveness, bad behavior or ill character from his wife it is better to ignore them as long as she is not committing adultery, major sins or denying the marital duties. In fact, being tolerant with her helps correct her mistakes and make her fulfill her marital duties smoothly. Moreover, Allah will reward the husband for his patience and tolerance. Allah Says (interpretation of meaning): {And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allâh brings through it a great deal of good.} [4:19].
If you are patient with her and if you try to correct her mistakes in a kind way Allah may lead her to the right path and bless her by following the truth. And He may grant the husband good and pious children with her. In this concern, the Prophet also said: "A believing man should not hate a believing woman; if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he will be pleased with another". [Narrated by Imam Muslim and Imam Ahmad].
On the other hand, if a husband dislikes his wife because she is not chaste, and does not adhere to the obligations of Sharia such as performing prayers and fasting in the month of Ramadan, and he can not force her to do so he has to divorce her.
Allah Says (interpretation of meaning): {and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse.} [4: 19].
Allah made it lawful to treat one's wife with harshness if she commits illegal sexual intercourse and to take back the Mahr (dowry) he had given her when he first married her.
We mentioned here the general rule of Sharia on the above issue.
We could not find the Hadith regarding the wife controlling her tongue in the known available references here. If that Hadith is found and is authentic then its meaning would be congruous to the rule we mentioned here.
As for the Hadith that if a woman prays her five obligatory prayers, fasts the month of Ramadan, guards her chastity and obeys her husband she will enter paradise through the door she chooses". Imam al-Haithami wrote in his book "Majma al-Zwaid" that Imam Ahmad in al-Musnad and Tabrani in al-Awsat narrated it. He also said Ibn Laheah is one of the narrators of the Hadith; his Hadith is good and the other narrators are the narrators of al-Sahih, i.e. their narrations are mentioned in al-Sahih Authentic Hadith.
Imam Munawi said in the explanation of the above Hadith if one asks why the Hadith states praying and fasting only, leaving other fundamentals of Islam answer is that the Hadith focuses on those matters, because women neglect them more than any other fundamentals. Most women disobey their husbands. The obligation of Zakah, Hajj are not mentioned here because women generally do not have money, and these could not be performed without money. Therefore, the Hadith emphasizes the common matters related to women.
This Hadith does not prove that the mentioned acts in that Hadith are sufficient and by practicing them a woman becomes free to commit sins or does not have any other obligations.
Certain acts are specified here only for their excellence and to give priority to certain good acts over others and to clarify that some bad acts are worse then others. So, if a woman practices those acts Allah will enable her, by her honour to enter Paradise through any door she chooses.
As for the third Hadith about Allah accepting Du'a (supplications) at the time of rain, Tabrani narrates this Hadith; in the chain of this Hadith there is a reporter named Ufair Bin Madan whom all the scholars of Hadith are agreed that he is weak.
The text of this weak Hadith is as below:
Abu Umamah narrated that the Prophet said: "The Doors of the Heavens are opened and supplications are responded to and answered in four moments: When the rows get together in the battle field, at the time of rain, at the time of Iqamah (call to begin a congregational prayer) and at the time of looking at the Kabah".
You should know that weak Hadith can not be accepted as part of Sharia and therefore, need not be acted upon.

Allah knows best.

Related Fatwa