Rituals for the deceased Muslim
Fatwa No: 82779

Question

What are the rituals (Fard and Sunnah) for attending the dead Muslim according to Islamic Sharia? please send the answer according to the Qur'an and Hadiths mentioning Hadiths No and Qur'anic verses.Can we recite Qur'an on their behalf?

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
The Sunnah and Fard Islamic rituals concerning the dead person, start from the Ihtidhar (death struggle) until after his burial. During his sickness, he should be reminded of The Last Day and advised to repent. When he begins the death struggle, a person should tell him to repeat: "La Ilaha Illa Allah", because if it is his last word he will go to Paradise. All the scholars are agreed that when a person dies it is recommended to close his jaws with a wide bandage so his mouth is not left open. His eyes should be closed. The Prophet went to Abu Salamah when he was about to die and closed his eyes and said. "When the soul is taken away the sight follows it. When you present those persons who are near the end you should close their eyes". The right of a dead person is also to inform the relatives and neighbors so that they can come to perform prayer for him and make Du'a for him. It is also recommended to hasten in paying off the debts of the deceased for the Hadith reported from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet said: "A believer's soul remain in suspense until all his debts are paid off". Tirmizi consider it a sound Hadith.
It is also the dead person right on Muslims that his body should be prepared for burial without any delay as soon as death is confirmed for the saying of the Prophet: "A corpse of a Muslim should not be left long within his family's home after his death i.e. should be buried as soon as possible". (Abu Dawood)
Shrouding the body of a deceased is a collective obligation of the Muslims. All the Muslim scholars also agreed that carrying a coffin and accompanying it to the graveyard is also a collective obligation of the Muslims. For the Hadith of al-Bara that the prophet said: "The Prophet ordered us to follow the funeral procession". (Bukhari) Performing prayer on a deceased person and burying him is also a communal obligation on Muslim community. There are many other rights and rulings of a dead person; we can not mention all of them here.
As for sending the reward of recitation of the Qur'an to dead person please refer to the fatawa:. 82593, 82681.
Allah knows best.

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