Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim
Fatwa No: 83766

Question

1. Should every Muslim believe in the Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim?2. Are there any weak or fabricated Hadith in two Sahihs?3. There is Ijmaa about two Sahihan i.e. Bukhari and Muslim.... When and which scholars approved about these two books.4. Is it right to believe that after Holy Qur'an, Sahih Bukhari is the authentic book?5. Many people doubt about the authenticity of the two Sahih's. What do you call such people? How can you refute their argument?

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

Allah, The Great and Almighty, has safeguarded Islam from the evil deeds of abusers and spoilers, and tricks of plotters. A truth-seeker and justice-bearer can find this safeguarding clearly. Allah Says (interpretation of meaning): {Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'ân) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).}[15:9].
This Book was/is/will be print in millions in all places and at all times since revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) but still as accurate as it was at the time of revelation. No one can find any omission or commission even a single word or less. So, if a person takes some copies from different places worldwide, and compares them he will not find the slightest difference.
As for the Prophetic Sunnah which explains the Qur'an, Allah has made numerous great scholars to safeguard it. Those savants spared no effort to protect and record the Sunnah of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam). For example, Imam al-Bukhari Muhammad Ibn Ismael who, according Hatim Ibn Mansoor as recorded in The Book of al-Siyar by al-Zahabi, 'was a sign of Divine creation in his insight in knowledge'. Rajaa al-Hafiz said: 'Muhammad Ibn Ismael is as much superior to other scholars as men superior to women. He is one of Allah's miracles walking on earth'. Ibn Khuzaimah said: 'I have never seen on earth more learned in the Prophetic Hadith nor better in memorizing it that Muhammad Ibn Ismael al-Bukhari'.
In addition, Imam Muslim is as just and reliable as Imam al-Bukhari; both had the highest degree of memorization proficiency and truthfulness with Allah. Also the book of Sahih Muslim occupies the 2nd place after al-Bukhari; both books were received with full acceptance by the Muslim Ummah due to meeting all conditions of the highest degree for a sound Hadith. Only a straying innovator would contest anything of either book.
The aim of such an innovator is no more than destroying Sharia through his unreasonable doubts. They will fail because both of al-Salaf and al-Khalaf (predecessors and descendants) attest to the trustfulness of them.
In this vein, Imam al-Nawawi, while explaining Sahih Muslim, said: 'The Muslim scholar agreed upon the fact that Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are the most correct books after the Qur'an. The Muslim Ummah received them with full acceptance'.
Al-Sharzowri said: 'Each and every Hadith considered as Sahih in al-Bukhari and Muslim is, without a bit of doubt, Sahih. The Muslim Ummah received such books with full acceptance except those whose disagreement makes no problem to 'Ijmah (consensus). From a deductive point of view, we have to accept Hadith al-Ahaad (every Hadith that has not achieved characteristics of the Mutawatir (undoubted Hadith)'. Since the Muslim Ummah received it with acceptance (see the book of Sianet Sahih Muslim Vol.1/85).
Abu al-Ma'ali al-Juwaini said: 'A person who swears by Allah that his wife will be divorced if the contents of Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are not fully correct, his wife will not be divorced nor he has to make an expiation for an oath since the Muslim scholars agreed upon the authenticity of both books'. (See the previous reference, P: 86).
Some innovators refuse texts of the Sunnah on the plea of Hadith al-Ahaad, claiming that such Hadith are not binding. Sometime, such innovators claim that Hadith al-Ahaad have no decisive evidence. So, we are not obliged to accept them. Such people took themselves away from the light of Revelation and the Divine guidance. Such people must know that the Qur'an, although it is with full accuracy in text, is presumptive in interpretation and understanding of evidence. In addition, the most part of the Sunnah is presumptive, both in text and in deduction. So, the person who accepts only decisive evidence, will reject most of the Sharia.
Imam Ibn 'Abd al-Bar in al-Tamhid book said: 'Scholars of Fiqh and Hadith are agree upon acceptance of a just reporter of Hadith al-Ahaad; also they believe that it is a must to follow such Hadith unless it is abrogated by another Hadith or Ijma'h. There is a consensus of opinion about the above-mentioned point except by some innovators and the group of al-Khawarij, whose disagreement has no effect. The Muslim scholars unanimously legalize a Fatwa issued by some scholar to anyone'.
Ibn 'Abd al-Bar added: 'We have to act according to Hadith al-Ahaad such as we accept and act according to the testimony of the two or four witnesses'. This is the opinion of the majority of scholars of Fiqh and Hadith. In addition, all of them act according to such Hadith in all the matters of Sharia regardless of whether they belong to the matters of faith or actions. This is the faith of ahl-al-Sunnah.
Al-Imam al-Qurtubi in his Tafseer 2/152 said: 'There is an undoubted consensus of opinion concerning Hadith al-Ahaad among al-Salaf. It was the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) practice to send his envoies, as individuals, to different regions to teach the others the rulings of Islam and the Sunnah in relation to prohibited and unprohibited matters'.
Allah knows best.

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