Funeral prayer without ablution, etc.
Fatwa No: 83948

Question

Is it allowed to pray a funeral prayer without taking ablution? They say in the funeral prayer there is no Sujud nor Ruku'. Can a traveler shorten the prayer if he likes and sometimes join the congregational prayer and perform the full prayer if he likes. Is he allowed to pray a full prayer if he is a traveler?

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

1) Performing the funeral prayer without Wudu is not permissible, since purification is a prerequisite of the prayer. In other words, the prayer is null and void without purification. So, it is a blunder to say that prayer is permissible without Wudu.
Moreover, although there are no Ruku' nor Sujud in the funeral prayer, it is still a form of prayer that necessitates the requirements of prayer in general.
2) According to the dominant opinion among scholars of Islam, one is recommended to shorten prayer on a journey, i.e. it is not mandatory. So, it is better to shorten the prayers on a journey although one is permitted to perform one's prayers in their normal state.
But, if a traveler performs his prayer with a resident Imam, i.e. in congregation, then it becomes obligatory (not recommended) to perform the prayer in its complete and full state.
Allah knows best.

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