Jumu'ah prayer in non-Muslim countries
Fatwa No: 84455

  • Fatwa Date:8-7-2002 - Rabee' Al-Aakhir 28, 1423
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Regarding Friday prayer in non-Islamic countries if there is no Masjid available. Is it possible to pray Friday at home if there is no other place? What should be done if there are only 2 or 3 people for Salat?


Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

If a group of Muslims live in your area or a mosque is near to you then you are obliged to offer the prayer in congregation and the Friday prayer. If it is impossible then you should offer the obligatory prayers in congregation wherever it is possible. The most learned in the Qur'an should lead you in the prayers. If there are only two persons then offering Friday prayer is not compulsory for you, according to the majority of Muslim scholars. If there are three persons then you are obliged to offer the Friday prayer according to the preponderant opinion of Muslim scholars.
Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah's Mercy be upon him) said: 'Jumu'ah prayer is valid if there are only three persons; one of them should deliver the sermon of Jumu'ah and two of them will be his audience. This is one of the sayings of Imam Ahmad '.
Therefore, you may establish a temporary or permanent place for prayer: it may be a part of someone's house, since building a mosque and making it an endowment is not a condition for offering Jumu'ah prayer.
Allah knows best.

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