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I have a question about keeping dogs. I first got my dog 2 years ago. However, I recently became a pious Muslims I pray 4-5 times a day fast voluntarily. Some other Muslims told me that by keeping a dog in my home or outside it angles will not come into or near the house. This disturbs me as I want to please Allah (Subhanna Wa'tahalla). However, my family is also attached to this dog, and unfortunately I can't bring myself to give her away because I am very sensitive when it comes to animals, and I can't face the fact that they would put her down at the pound. I have done extensive research on this matter and I am left confused. The Hadith clearly states that one of the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) apostles stated that dogs should be killed and are Najs and scare angels away, however the Qur'an states no Prohibition. Will Allah accept my prayer and fast if I have a dog? Will angels visit my home? Is there any punishment for keeping a dog?


All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

We ask Allah to help us and you stay firm in obeying Him, and we say to you, “A Muslim is not allowed to keep a dog as a pet except for the purpose of guarding or hunting.”

It has been proven that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Whoever keeps a dog, one Qiraat of the reward of his good deeds is deducted daily unless the dog is used for guarding a farm, cattle, or for hunting.” [Muslim and Maalik in the Muwatta']

For this reason, we advise you to quit keeping the dog as a pet, if it is not kept for (the purpose of) guarding, because this will decrease on daily basis your good deeds; and to reduce one's good deeds daily is more than a sufficient punishment for a person who hopes (believes) to meet Allah.

The Muslim should surrender and comply with the Commands of Allah and His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and that is a proof of the sincerity of one's true faith and perfect love to Allah and His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ). He should prefer what is with Allah as reward and give it priority over one's passion and personal desires, as Allah Says (what means): {It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.} [Quran 33: 36]

As for not finding a special text in the Quran that prohibits the possession of dogs, then this is not a justification, as Allah Says (what means): {And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.} [Quran 59:7]

Moreover, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) has forbidden keeping dogs as pets unnecessarily without a need to do so.

As for the prayer of the person who keeps a dog as a pet, it is valid and acceptable, Allah willing, if its obligations and compulsory acts are correctly performed, and so is his fasting but he (the person) should take utmost care that the dog does not touch his body, his clothes, and his place of prayer.

We draw the attention of the inquirer to the fact that the obligatory prayer is five prayers per day and night as is indisputably recognized in religion, and thus four prayers will not suffice or replace this. But if the Muslim adds (performs) the Sunan and Rawaatib (supererogatory prayers either before or after the obligatory ones), then this is better.

Also, we draw her attention to the fact that angels do not enter a house where there is a dog, not because they are afraid (of dogs), but because the dogs are naturally impure, unclean and mean (animals) and they are of the devils. While contrary to dogs and devils, angels are a sign of purity, cleanliness, happiness, blessing and tranquility.

For more benefit on legitimate reasons for keeping a dog, please refer to Fataawa 324532, 419983, 92109, 81421, 91174 and 85829.

For more benefit on the ruling of the impurity of dogs, please read to Fatwa 82644.

Allah knows best.

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