Group prayer by the Imaam after obligatory prayers
Fatwa No: 88520

Question

Is a group prayer by Imaam just after each Fardh prayer is permitted or it is done by Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, is any restriction to pray to Allaah, Oh Allaah, please forgive me.... 'Be haqi Muhammad, Sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. We ask Allaah to exalt his mention as well as that of his family and all his companions.

 

Congregational supplications after the obligatory prayer are an innovation into the religion. Neither the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) nor his companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them nor our righteous predecessors may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them used to do so. Ibn Taymiyyah may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: 'The known narrations in Al-Bukhari and Muslim, and other books indicate that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to make supplications at the last part of the prayer just before concluding by saying As-Salaam 'Alaykum and he used to order his companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them to do so. There is absolutely no narration which indicates that the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to say supplications together with the people who prayed behind him after ending the prayer, neither in Fajr prayer, 'Asr prayer or any other prayer. Rather, it is confirmed that he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) used to turn towards his companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them and mention Allaah and teach them the remembrance of Allaah after each prayer. Therefore, the supplication after the performance of each obligatory prayer is an invented matter, and the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "Whoever introduces into this faith of ours (Islam) something which is not a part of it, it will be rejected.'' [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

 It is also not permitted to implore Allaah by the virtue of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) or his high rank. The companions  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  them did not use to do so and the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) did not teach them to implore Allaah with his virtue and high rank. There is absolutely no doubt that his status is great and of high standing but supplications are acts of worship. Acts of worship are conditional on the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of his Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and what Islamic jurisprudence indicates is permissible. In addition to this, imploring Allaah by virtue of the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) could lead to associating partners to Allaah.

Therefore, a Muslim should abide by the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) and avoid innovations. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "Beware of newly invented matters, as every newly invented matter is an innovation, and every innovation is a deviation (misguidance)." [Abu Daawood, Ahmad and others]

Allaah knows best.

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