Fatwa No : 81419
Names of the Qur'an
Fatwa Date : Jumaadaa Al-Oula 7, 1420 / 18-8-1999
How many names does the óQur'an have?
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
The Quran is the book of Allaah which was revealed to the Prophet and which was compiled in a written form (text) which is called Mus-haf, and it is memorized by heart (by millions of Muslims). It was narrated from the Prophet by Tawaatur, which means by a group of narrators from a group of narrators, generation after generation and so forth, and they are all trustworthy people and it is absolutely impossible for them to agree on a lie. The Quran refers both to the written text and to its meaning.
Allaah named the Quran with many names, among which are:
Al-Qur'aan (The Quran), Al-Kitaab (The Book), Al-Furqaan (The Criterion), Ath-Thikr (The Reminder), and At-Tanzeel (The Revelation). However, the most well-known names are Al-Qur'aan and Al-Kitaab.
Allaah also described the Quran with many attributes (and adjectives) among which are: Noor (Light), Hudaa (Guidance), Shifaa' (Cure), Rahmah (Mercy), Maw'idhah (Admonition), Mubaarak (Blessed), Mubeen (Clear), Bushrah (Glad Tiding), 'Azeez (Honourable and Respected), Majeed (Glorious), Basheer (giving glad tidings) and Nadheer (Warner). Each name/attribute indicates one of the meanings of the Quran.
For more benefit, please refer to Fatwa 10093.
Allaah knows best.