Fatwa No : 89865
The last sermon of Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam
Fatwa Date : Rabee' Al-Awwal 20, 1426 / 28-4-2005
Did Prophet Muhammad mention anything about his family in his last sermon?
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad , is His slave and Messenger.
The Prophet , greatly admonished and advised his nation in his farewell message on the Day of ‘Arafah. He also advised the Muslims to support and respect his family members. Jaabir ibn 'Abdullaah said, "I saw the Messenger of Allaah , in his farewell message on the Day of 'Arafah and he was on his camel called Al-Qaswaa'. I heard him saying: "O People! I have left among you the Book of Allaah, if you hold fast to it, you would never go astray, and I left amongst you my close relatives, support them, respect them, love them and hold them high in esteem…"
The scholars mentioned that the wisdom of mentioning his close relatives after mentioning the Quran is that his family would never collectively agree on falsehood; this is what Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned in his book Minhaaj As-Sunnah. Moreover, the Prophet , advised us about his family in speeches other than the farewell speech. Indeed the creed of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jamaa'ah is that we should love the family of the Prophet , and we should ask Allaah The Almighty to be pleased with them and forgive them. Additionally, we should take them as allies, and declare ourselves free from those who insult the family of the Prophet , or humiliate them.
Furthermore, Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jamaa'ah love the family of the Prophet , more than they love their own family, children and relatives. Indeed, Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq told 'Ali, "Being a close relative of the Messenger of Allaah , is more beloved to me than keeping ties with my own kinship." [Al-Bukhari] 'Umar told Al-'Abbaas “I swear by Allaah, your becoming a Muslim the day you embraced Islam is more beloved to me than Al-Khattaab (my father) becoming a Muslim if he does so.” [At-Tabaraani] This is because of the respect and love the people had for the family of the Prophet .
To find out who are the family of the Prophet , please refer to Fatwa: 83446.
Allaah Knows best.
|Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, knew he would not live after Farewell Hajj|
|The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, did not speak to the devil during the Farewell Sermon|
|The story of Ghadeer khum|
|The date on which the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, went out for Hajj|