Wife asking husband's permission to make up fasting
Fatwa No: 103918

Question

Salam Alaykom. I am currently in the process alhamdouillah of fasting for the last year's Ramadan I wasn't able to fast due to my period. I also have 60 days to fast due to being pregnant twice. My question is: I know I have to ask my husband if I want to fast and then he tells me ok, is he allowed to tell me not to fast a particular day, like for instance I tell him I am fasting today (with his permission) and then later on he says "don't fast today." Should I obey him or should I continue fasting since I am trying to hurry and make up all these days that I didn't fast? Jazak'allah Khair. Salam

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

First of all, the Imaams of the four Schools of jurisprudence and the majority of the former and contemporary scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them agreed that the women who broke the fast for a valid reason, like menses and pregnancy are not obliged to make it up immediately after the month of Ramadan and that they have time until the next Ramadan comes. However, it is not permissible for them to delay it until the month of Sha'baan of the next year is over.

Therefore, a woman who has to make up some missed days of Ramadan and her husband is present with her and he has a need for sexual intercourse with her, then she should not hasten to make up for the missed days except with his permission since there is plenty of time to do so. However, if there is not much time left to make up the fasting, then a wife is not obliged to seek the permission of her husband in order to fast, and he has no right to prevent her from fasting the days she is obliged to make up since there is not much time left for doing so. When the scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them interpreted the Hadeeth "It is not permissible for a woman to fast when her husband is present except with his permission.", they interpreted the expression "except with his permission" to mean optional fasting other than the missed days of Ramadan; the same thing applies to the obligatory fasting when there is not much time left to make it up [i.e. that she does not need to seek his permission].

Therefore, you are not obliged to seek your husband's permission in order to make up for the obligatory missed days of fasting when there is not too much time left [for the starting of the next Ramadan], and your husband has no right to prevent you. Similarly, if he gives you permission to fast and then he changes his mind and wants you to break the fast after you already started fasting, then you are not obliged to obey him, as he has no right to prevent you then.

For more benefit, please refer to Fatwa 85464.

Allaah Knows best.

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