Paying zakat entails the owner's intention or authorization
Fatwa No: 25201

  • Fatwa Date:22-1-2014 - Rabee' Al-Awwal 21, 1435
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Question

A mother left some money with her daughter while she was ill and never informed anyone about it. After a while, the daughter paid the zakat on her mother's money without telling her. With the mother now dead, was the daughter's decision correct or should she repay this money to the heirs? What is your advice in this regard in order to relieve this daughter of the guilt of her mistake and the consequences of such an act?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and messenger.

What the daughter did was wrong since an intention is vital in paying the zakat of an adult Muslim or at least one should have the authorization of the owner. Hence, she should pay the money that she paid of zakat from her mother's money back to the heirs and then ask them to pay the due zakat on their money if the mother had not already paid it on this money. The heirs should first pay the zakat before dividing any of the inheritance.

Allaah Knows best.

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