All malice removed from hearts of people of Paradise
Fatwa No: 353422

  • Fatwa Date:27-12-2017 - Rabee' Al-Aakhir 9, 1439
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Question

Assalaamu alaykum. Some say that there is a contradiction because 7:43 says that we will not have malice while 83:34 says that we will. May Allaah reward you.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger. 

The verse in Surah Al-A‘raaf [Quran 7: 43] means that the malice will be removed from the hearts of the people of Paradise, so they will live in Paradise as brothers, without any hatred nor envy among them, like in the hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, in which the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said, “The first group (of people) to enter Paradise will be shining like the moon on a full-moon night. Then those who follow them, who will be like the most shining star in the sky, will come. Their hearts will be like the heart of one single man; they will neither have any differences nor any hatred amongst them…” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

Al-Mulla Ali Qaari said in Mirqaat Al-Mafaateeh Sharh Mishkaat Al-Masaabeeh (9/3580), “‘Their hearts’, meaning the hearts of the people of Paradise then, or the hearts of the last group; ‘like the heart of one single man’, meaning in giving and in affection; his saying: ‘they will neither have any differences nor any hatred amongst them’ is an interpretation of his saying: their hearts… This meaning is excerpted from the Saying of Allah (which means): {And We will remove whatever is in their breasts of malice, [so they will be] brothers, on thrones facing each other.} [Quran 15:47]”

Al-Bahr Al-Madeed fi Tafseer Al-Quran Al-Majeed (3/92) reads:

Then Allah says: {Brothers}, i.e. when We have removed the malice that is within their breasts, they have become brothers who love each other; they will neither hate nor envy one another, on raised couches opposite each other, none looking inside the other's yard. Our supreme Shaykh, ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Al-Faasi, said, ‘The preponderant opinion is that being opposite each other does not mean its literal meaning; rather, it means that there is no hatred nor resentment, whether or not this is also physical or not.’

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in Sharh Al-‘Aqeedah As-Saffaareeniyyah (1/477):

They will be stopped there on a small bridge, and they will take their rights from each other, which is other than the first taking of rights that happens on the plains of resurrection; so they will take their rights from each other in a way that will remove what is in their breasts of malice and hatred toward each other, because in the first taking of rights on the plains of Resurrection, there would perhaps still remain in their chests some hard feelings; but this last taking of rights is to purify and refine them, so that they would enter Paradise without any malice in their hearts.

As for their laughter from the disbelievers, then this is a punishment for the disbelievers for their laughter at (making fun of) the believers in this worldly life; Allah says (what means): {Indeed, those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed. And when they passed by them, they would exchange derisive glances. And when they returned to their people, they would return jesting. And when they saw them, they would say, "Indeed, those are truly lost." But they had not been sent as guardians over them. So Today those who believed are laughing at the disbelievers. On adorned couches, observing. Have the disbelievers [not] been rewarded [this Day] for what they used to do?} [Quran 83:29-36]

Ibn Katheer  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in his Tafseer (exegesis), while interpreting the above verse:

{Today}, meaning, the Day of Judgement. {Those who believed are laughing at the disbelievers}, meaning, as retribution for how those people laughed at them. {On adorned couches, observing}, meaning, looking at Allah as a reward, as opposed to the false claims against them that they were misguided. They were not misguided at all; rather, they were the close allies of Allah who will be looking at their Lord in the place of His honor. Concerning Allah's statement: {Have the disbelievers [not] been rewarded [this Day] for what they used to do?}, meaning, have the disbelievers been recompensed for their mockery and belittlement of the believers, or not? This means that they surely will be recompensed in full, completely and perfectly (for their behavior).

So where is the contradiction between these two verses?

Allah knows best.

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