Reasons for the Emergence of Muslim Sects
Fatwa No: 392164

  • Fatwa Date:17-2-2019 - Jumaadaa Al-Aakhir 12, 1440
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Question

Asslamu Alaikumthis is my question Sir:-What are the causes of the emergence and development of different sects internal and external.may Allah reward you abundantly

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

A Fatwa is not enough to explain and detail what you have asked about; rather, this needs a complete book.

Nonetheless, what we can say in brief is that there are many reasons for the emergence of the different sects and the differences amongst them. Amongst these reasons are ignorance of the revelation that Allah revealed, injustice and following one’s whims, following the rule of the majority and blind imitation of others, envy, dispraised competing in worldly matters, abandonment of enjoining good and forbidding evil, basing loyalty and allegiance on tribalism or ethnicity, and other matters of the Jaahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic Era of Ignorance). An additional reason to these is the plot of the enemy against the Muslims (to cause disunity). Each of these reasons contributed to the emergence of the division, differences, and the enmity amongst these sects.

For more benefit, please refer to Fataawa 21072, 10945, 27066, 296692, and 322.

Allah knows best.

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