Details about the Age of Youth
Fatwa No: 409825

  • Fatwa Date:26-12-2019 - Rabee' Al-Aakhir 29, 1441
  • Rating:

Question

At what age does ones youth end in Islam?I heard Allah (swt) rewards/loves youth (teenagers) more then someone who is not in their youth (20s 30s 40s) If someone missed out on their youth and now they feel old all the time inside ( they are in their 20s almost 30) and now they love praying and having energy to worship/gain closeness to Allah(swt) but time is going and they are scared of aging inside they feel Allah (swt) won’t love them as much as during their youth days. If someone is 21 is it too late to be in the category of youth in the 7 types of people under the shade.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Scholars differed regarding the age when the period of youth ends. It was said that it ends at thirty or thirty-two. Ash-Shawkaani,  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: “The linguistic origin of it (the Arabic term Shabaab, meaning youth) denotes movement and activity. It is a noun used in reference to those who have reached puberty until they reach the age of thirty; this is the opinion of the Shaafi‘is, and it was reported by the author of Al-Fat-h. Al-Qurtubi said in Al-Mufhim:

'A person is described as Hadath (child) until the age of sixteen, then Shaabb (youth/young person) until the age of thirty-two, and then Kahl (mature person).' Az-Zamakhshari said: 'Youth starts from reaching puberty until the age of thirty-two.' The Maaliki scholar Ibn Shaas said in his book Al-Jawaahir: '… until the age of forty.' An-Nawawi said that the sound chosen opinion is that a Shaabb is the one who reached puberty and is not past the age of thirty. Afterward, he is Kahl until he passes the age of forty; afterward, he is Shaykh (elderly).'" [End of Quote]

There are reported texts indicating the virtue of worshiping Allah, The Exalted, at a young age, like the Hadeeth about the seven persons whom Allah will shade in the Shade of His Throne, and among them will be a youth who grew up worshipping Allah. Moreover, it was narrated by Imaam Ahmad  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him in Al-Musnad, on the authority of ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "Allah, The Exalted, wonders (practices) 'Ajab (which entails that He is greatly pleased with) a youth who has no inclination (to worldly pleasures)." Whoever is at that age and devotes himself to the worship of Allah, The Exalted, and obeying Him, is hoped to earn this great reward. A person in his twenties is still at the age of youth, and he shall earn the reward of worshipping Allah, during youth if he strives in worship. Whoever is past the age of youth and reached thirty or forty or more, still has the chance to catch up. Actually, whoever strives to obey Allah, The Exalted, diligently at any age, keenly seeks to earn His pleasure, and repents to Him sincerely, then, Allah will compensate and reward him for his obedience because Allah, The Exalted, does not allow the reward of those who do good to be lost. However, the rewards earned by young persons are more perfect because of their physical strength and inner inclination to follow lusts, and given the reported texts that prove the virtue of obeying Allah, The Exalted, in that state.

For more benefit on the age at which the phase of youth ends, please refer to Fatwa 242842.

Allah Knows best.

Related Fatwa