No Zakaah on Coconuts If They Are Not Intended For Trade
Fatwa No: 416485

Question

I want to pay zakath for coconuts. I pluck every 50 days around 4 to 5 thousand nuts. how much I want to pay? It is depend on after expenses of estate, my expense ets. Can explain me please.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad,  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

There is no Zakaah due on coconuts if they are not intended for trade. The Fatwa of the Permanent Committee for Iftaa’ reads:

The coconut is one of the fruits that is not subject to Zakaah because it is not measurable (by capacity) nor storable, and the fact that coconut trees resemble palm trees does not entail deeming Zakaah obligatory on coconuts, unless they are intended for trade, their value reaches the Nisaab (the minimum amount liable for Zakaah) on its own or when added to other items of wealth like cash or trade goods, and a lunar year elapses while they are in the owner's possession. In this case, Zakaah becomes due on them.” [End of quote]

Accordingly, there is no Zakaah due on you for the coconuts themselves. However, Zakaah is due on the price you receive for selling them if a lunar year elapsed after having taken possession of their price and this price reached the Nisaab on its own or when added to your other items of wealth like cash or trade goods. However, if you spend the price or part of it and the remaining money does not amount to the Nisaab before a lunar year elapses, then no Zakaah is due on you.

The Fatwa of Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him reads: “‘Ali said: ‘There is no Zakaah due on apples, and other fruits similar to it, because they are neither grains nor Thamar (dates and raisins). However, if he sells them for cash and a lunar year elapses while still having their price in his possession, then Zakaah becomes due.’” [End of quote]

If these coconuts are intended for trade, you should assess their (monetary) value after a lunar year elapses from the time you took possession of the money you got from selling them, add it to your other items of wealth such as cash and other trade goods, and then pay Zakaah on the total wealth in your possession.

The Nisaab is equal to cash value of 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver, and the amount of Zakaah to be paid is one quarter of one-tenth (i.e. 2.5 percent).

Allah Knows best.

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