Eating and drinking out of forgetfulness while fasting
Fatwa No: 81324

Question

If I forget that I am fasting and I eat something during the day of Ramadan, what shall I do?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Whoever forgets and eats or drinks something while fasting, he should complete his fast and he is not required to make up this day as the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Whoever forgets he is fasting and eats or drinks should complete his fast as it was Allah who fed him and gave him something to drink”. [Al-Bukhaari Muslim]

This is the opinion of the majority of the scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them. Imaams Ad-Daraaqutni, Ibn Hibbaan and Ibn Khuzaymah mentioned in their narration that the making up of the fast is not compulsory “…he does not have to make up the fast.

This applies to both the obligatory and optional fasting.

Allah knows best.

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