Can you please advise me what should you read when you visit the grave of family and friend?
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
1. The Prophet used to teach his companions to supplicate with this Dua' whenever they visit the graveyard: (Peace be upon you all, O inhabitants of the graves, amongst the believers and the Muslims. Verily, we will, Allah willing, be united with you, we ask Allah for well-being for us and you) [Muslim].
Ibn Abbas said: "The Prophet passed by graves in Medinah. He turned his face towards them saying: 'Peace be upon you, O dwellers of these graves. May Allah forgive us and you. You have preceded us, and we are following your trail".[Tirmizi]
If one visits a particular grave, he may greet the person in that grave using the same words he uses to greet live persons. In this case he may stand facing the Qiblah letting the grave be between him and Qiblah. And then he could ask Allah to forgive the buried person.
Allah knows best.
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