A Surgeon Doing Tubal Ligation for Women
Fatwa No: 86253

  • Fatwa Date:26-4-2005 - Rabee' Al-Awwal 18, 1426
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Question

I am surgeon, I would like to know about doing tubal ligation for women to prevent conception (pregnancy) most of them already having between 8 to 10 children and the operation according to their request (wife and husband).

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The Sharee’ah (Islamic Law) highly recommends Muslims to reproduce prolifically so as to guarantee some advantages for the Muslim individual, community, and the Muslim country in general, both in this worldly life and in the Hereafter.

Therefore, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you (i.e. by your great number).” [Ahmad and Abu Daawood; Al-Albaani classified it as authentic]

Muslim scholars have proclaimed that it is prohibited to cut off reproduction for good or limit the number of children to be born, as such procedures, no doubt, contradict the objectives of the Sharee’ah. Doing so constitutes a response to the calls made by the enemies of Islam, such as the masons and others, in order to weaken the Muslims and reduce their number. This Fatwa of prohibition was adopted by some contemporary research centers and authorities, such as the Council of Senior Scholars of Saudi Arabia. However, there are certain exceptions to this ruling, such as the case of a woman whose pregnancy causes her health troubles, or whose delivery causes risks to her life. Such forcing necessities are to be decided by a trustworthy Muslim doctor. Based on that, one is not allowed to help others cut their reproduction by blocking (or tying) the womb or any other means even with the consent of the two spouses. Hence, to do so or just to help others do it is prohibited as Allah Says (what means): {And cooperate in righteousness and piety, but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.} [Quran 5:2]

For more benefit on family planning, please refer to 99184, 97251, 84436, 82154, and 87155.

For more benefit on permanent birth control, please refer to Fataawa 119261, 83837, 134895, and 84086.

For more benefit on tubal legation, please refer to Fatwa 96082.

Allah knows best.

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