I was told by someone that it is not necessary for a divorced woman to have representation (Wali/Wakeel) at the time of Nikah. The evidence that was given to me was based on either Hanafi or Hanbali Fiqh, as I was told. Now to my understanding, there is no Nikah without a Wali. Please advice me as to the correct answer.
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
According to the Hanafi School of jurisprudence, if a free pubescent woman marries a man without the consent of her guardian, her marriage is valid whether she is a virgin or a previously married woman. If the husband is considered a suitable match for the woman, her guardians have no right to object to her marriage. However, if the husband is not a suitable match for the woman, then her guardians have the right to object and demand the annulment of such a marriage contract.
Nonetheless, the majority of the jurists including the Hanbali School, are of the opinion that a marriage without the consent of the guardian of the woman is not valid in principle. This is the preponderant opinion because the Prophet said: ''There is no (valid) marriage except with the consent of the guardian." [At-Tirmithi and others]
Moreover, Allaah entrusted the guardian with the matters of marriage in many verses of the Quran. Allaah Says (what means):
Allaah Knows best.
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