Every child is born upon Fitrah
Fatwa No: 99189

Question

Aslam o alikum 1st q, that a new born baby in a nonmuslim family,is a by birth muslim or masoom ? 2nd q , if any nonmuslim accept islam what shall we call him in english convert or revert? 3rd q , when exectly islam started in the world?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) informed us that every child is born on the Fitrah (human natural disposition to worship Allaah alone); this means that he is free from wrong beliefs and is prepared to accept the truth and correct belief. The Fitrah does not mean that the people embrace Islam and adhere to its rulings from birth.

Ibn Taymiyyah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said: "Being born on the Fitrah does not necessarily mean that one really believes in Islam at birth, because when Allaah brought us to this life (at birth) we do not know anything. Fitrah refers to having a pure heart which is ready to accept the truth, and that a person would be a Muslim if no one influenced him (while growing up) to change his natural inclination towards Islam."  A new-born child to non-Muslim parents is in reality born upon the Fitrah, which means that he is free from wrong beliefs and is prepared to accept the truth; if his parents do not spoil him with falsehood, he can only be a Muslim. Concerning religious rulings, the child follows (i.e. is traced back) to the best among the two parents in terms of religion.

Therefore, we know that whoever embraces Islam after disbelief, is a revert. As regards your last question, Islam in the broad concept of worshipping Allaah Alone started from the time of the Prophet Aadam  may  Allaah  exalt  his  mention he was a Muslim and all the Prophets and Messengers, may Allaah exalt their mention, were Muslims as we mentioned in Fatwa 88906. Therefore, Islam is the origin and Shirk (associating partners with Allaah), is an innovation. Allaah Says (what means): {Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allaah is Islam.}[Quran 3:19].

However, Islam in the special sense, which is the legislation that was revealed to Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) started when the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) was commissioned a Prophet and Messenger. For more benefit please refer to Fatwa ">85767.    

Allaah Knows best.

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