Ibn Khaldoon did not support the theory of evolution
Fatwa No: 311803

  • Fatwa Date:10-1-2016 - Rabee' Al-Awwal 30, 1437
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Question

I have a question, you say that the theory of evolution is haram, but did Ibn khaldun not write a book supporting it? Please explain.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

There is no doubt that Darwin's theory of evolution is unfounded both Islamically and by reason. We have already clarified this matter in several fataawa, such as fataawa 4755, 83754 and 86254, so please refer to them.

As regards the statement of Ibn Khaldoon, then it needs evidence to support it and does not serve as evidence by itself; so if Ibn Khaldoon said what is contrary to the sharee'ah, then his statements are rejected; indeed, the ultimate reference is the revelation, especially in such matters of the unseen that can only be known by revelation. Allaah says (what means): {O you who have believed, obey Allaah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allaah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allaah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.} [Quran 4:59]

On the other hand, the statements of Ibn Khaldoon do not mean what Darwin had meant by his theory  at all; rather, it only indicates that there is some sort of resemblance and that there is a connection between each, of what he called 'stages', with the one that follows it.

In addition to that, Darwin's theory suggests that nature created itself by itself; therefore, the atheists seized it as an opportunity to support their corrupt and unfounded beliefs.

Allaah knows best.

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