What is the ruling in the following case: a Muslim claims that some of the Quran' orders and prescriptions have to be regarded in the light of historical context and should not be practiced today since in our times they are not valid anymore. In other words: what if a Muslim claims that things like carrying out hadd punishment for zina or apostasy, amputation for stealing, paying zakat, waging jihaad fisabilillah, taking jizya from kuffar, and especially observing hijab by women etc are no longer relevant and are outdated. What if he also says that a kafir is a brother of the Mu'min? Does this saheeh narration of the Prophet (?) where He (?) says: “In the last days (of the world) there will appear young people with foolish thoughts and ideas. They will give good talks, but they will go out of Islam as an arrow goes out of its game, their faith will not exceed their throats. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for there will be a reward for their killers on the Day of Resurrection." refer to such Muslims?
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
Saying that the Islamic Hudood, plural of Hadd (i.e. the corporal punishment determined by the Islamic Law) such as the Hadd for adultery and theft, are not valid at this present time, as well as the payment of Zakat, the wearing of Hijaab for a woman, and so forth; such things are not said by a Muslim unless he is an ignorant person. It cannot be said by someone who knows the religion of Islam and understands the Sharee’ah legislated by Allah and His Prophet .
The Hadeeth that you mentioned is a authentic and was reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim and on the authority of ‘Ali .
This Hadeeth clarifies the characteristics of Al-Khawaarij (the Kharijites, a deviant sect), who denied some Hudood, such as the Hadd of stoning the adulterer to death.
If any contemporary person claims that the stoning to death is no longer appropriate for this present time, then he resembles the Khawaarij; rather, he may be worse than them.
However, it no one can be ruled as a non-Muslim unless the evidence is established against him, and no one is to be killed except by the ruler.
Dear questioner, we have noticed in your previous questions that you read the misconceptions of the enemies of the religion; there is no doubt that this is a great danger on your religion.
Since, you sometimes write to us in Arabic, then we advise you to read what some contemporary scholars have written in refuting the misconception that the Sharee’ah is not suitable for this time and age, among which is the book of the prominent scholar, Muhammad Al-Khidhr Hussain: Ash-Sharee’ah Saaliha likulli Zamaan wa Makaan (the Sharee’ah is valid for all times and places). Dr. Salah As-Sawy elaborated on the same subject in his book: Shubohaat Hawla Tatbeeq Ash- Sharee’ah Al-Islaamiyyah (Misconceptions about the application of Islamic Sharee’ah), and other books.
Secondly, we refer you to some Fataawa in our Arabic website, as Allah may enable you to benefit from them. So please refer to Fatwa 287995 about the ruling on using the term "our brothers" when referring to non-Muslims, and to Fataawa 273769, 222073 and 204892 about the danger of being preoccupied by misconceptions and looking for them, and to Fatwa 117722 about clarifying the appropriateness of the Sharee’ah to human beings, and Fatwa 57297 on Hijaab and the change of time and place.
Allah knows best.
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