Unwanted Pregnancy
Fatwa No: 82051

Question

We didn't want to have more babies, and we wanted to prevent it, but suddenly my wife saw that she is pregnant for one month. The question is: Can we abort the baby?

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
Dear brother, As we all know, the offspring are a precious gift from Almighty Allah. He blesses His servants by providing them lovely children. Almighty Allah says (meanings in English): {And Allah has made for you wives of your own kind, and has made for you, from your wives, sons and daughters and grandchildren, and has bestowed on you good provision. Do they then believe in false deities and deny the Favour of Allah (by not worshipping Allah Alone)}. [16:72] And He also says: {To Allah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (off spring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things.} [42:49-50] The offspring are a valuable grace of Allah. How many people wish to have a child, even if one spends all his belongings. While Almighty Allah has blessed you and chosen you to grant the offspring, you are refusing His gift. Are you satisfied with the children you have? Or you fear to nourish them? Are you responsible for their nourishment? Allah says (meanings in English): {And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.} [17:31] Thereupon, preventing pregnancy is not permitted in the eye of Shari‘a except in rare cases. Among them are: (1) mother’s illness (2) serious exhaustion due to delivery time and again, and any other genuine medical reason. This is also permitted only to protect the life of mother. It is not allowed for other reasons like fearing from expenditure or disliking offspring after having a certain number of children. If pregnancy is proven, abortion becomes forbidden. No matter in which stage it is, except for any legal reason, e.g. if reliable doctors declare that the pregnancy is dangerous for the life of mother, then it may be permitted. However, abortion to maintain a good life, or fearing of expenses of life, or supposing that a little number of children are enough, is not only forbidden but also a big sin. We ask Allah to bless you and grant you good children who will be a delight to your eye in this life and hereafter life, Allah willing. Allah knows best.

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