Donating blood
Fatwa No: 82197

  • Fatwa Date:12-8-2000 - Jumaadaa Al-Oula 12, 1421
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Question

Does Islam allow a person to give blood? For example, donating blood at a blood drive.

Answer

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

Dear brother, you should know that the medical treatment should be done by permissible things in Islam. It is known that using shed blood is forbidden as mentioned in The Qur'an Allah Says (Interpretation of meaning): {"He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals),and blood, and the flesh of swine,"}[2:173].
He also Says: {"Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytatah (the dead animals - cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood,"}[5:3].
But if a person is compelled to use the blood of a person, and there is no other way to his treatment, then using it is permissible provided that medical authorities confirm that this is the only way for this treatment. Because Allah Says: after declaring it forbidden {But if one is forced by necessity without will disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him.}[2:173].
He also Says: {"while He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden to you, except under compulsion of necessity? And surely many do lead (mankind) astray by their own desires through lack of knowledge. Certainly your Lord knows best the transgressors."}[6:119].
Therefore, one can donate his blood if there this does not cause him any harm. It is permissible also to make request from a Muslim or some one else for the purpose of saving the lives of compelled people be they Muslims or non-Muslims who are not in the state of war with Muslims.
Allah knows best.

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