People who appoint a woman as their leader will never succeed
Fatwa No: 96432

  • Fatwa Date:29-5-2007 - Jumaadaa Al-Oula 13, 1428
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Question

What does the Messenger of God (saas) mean when he says, "Any community ruled by a woman will never succeed?" Jazaakum Allahu Khairan.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

 

The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said: "A people who appoint a woman as their leader will never succeed." [Al-Bukhari]. This narration means that it is not permissible for a woman to lead positions of great responsibility, like being a Muslim ruler, a minister, or a judge and the like, as this leads her to mix and be in seclusion with men, and bear great responsibilities which does not befit the nature of a woman.

As regards the small positions which a woman can efficiently run and bear, and in which her responsibility is limited, then it is permissible for her to hold these positions, like running a hospital or a school. For instance 'Umar  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him appointed Ash-Shifaa' bint 'Abdullaah Al-'Adawiyyah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her as an accountant for Al-Madeenah market. Ibn Hajar  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him reported this in a biography about Ash-Shifaa'  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her and 'Aa'ishah  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  her was appointed to take care of orphans.

Allaah Knows best.

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