Teaching the dead Laa Ilaaha Illa Allaah
Fatwa No: 166263

  • Fatwa Date:31-10-2011 - Thul-Hijjah 4, 1432
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Question

As i have asked you allot qustion and got Satisfaction reply by you I woul like to really Thankfull to you and for your Patience. Regarding my Question. I would like to ask you that Can dead person hear us or not?Can we suggest to dead person about Kalima Or Shahadat Allah?Can we Instruct to any dead person about KALIMA SHAHDAT AFTER PUTTING IN GRAVE? BECUASE I RED MANY SAHIH HADITH FROM MUSLIM SHARIF OR TRIMIDI ABOUT THE ABOVE QUESTION THAT THE BELOVED MUHAMMAD S.A.W TOLD TO HIS COMPANION THAT MUST REMIND TO DEAD PERSON ABOUT KALIMA SHAHADAT MUST REMIND TO YOUR DEAD PERSON ABOUT KALIMA. I JUST WANT TO YOUR SUGGESTION ON THE SAME AND NEED YOUR VIEWS WITH MORE SAHIH HADITH THANKS.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

The issue of a dead hearing the speech of the living is an issue over which the scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them differed in opinion. Indeed, we have already issued Fataawa 23015, 85320 and 87936 clarifying this difference of opinion and mentioning the preponderant view.

As regards what is confirmed about what to do for a person who breathes his last, then it is to advise him to say La Ilaaha Illa Allaah (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah) as clarified in Fatwa 82779. It seems that this is what you meant by saying that it has been confirmed in some Ahaadeeth in Saheeh Muslim and other books of Hadeeth.

As regards teaching the dead "La Ilaaha Illa Allaah" in his grave, a Dha’eef (weak) Hadeeth was reported about this; Al-‘Ajalooni  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in his book “Kashf Al-Khafaa’”: "The author of Al-La’aai Al-Masnoo’ah (i.e. As-Suyooti  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him) said: “As regards teaching the dead La Ilaaha Illa Allaah after burial, there is a Hadeeth reported by At-Tabaraani about it in his Mu’jam, but its chain of narration is weak.

Allaah Knows best.

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